Compass Datacenters BNA-IA

Not every customer has the same data center requirements; and not every “modular” offering meets the definition of standard, has the same capabilities or can provide a dedicated solution. Determining the right type of data center for your business is a function of the specific problems that you need to address and the ability of your chosen data center offering to solve all of them. At the present time, data centers fall into the following five categories.

DedicatedDC

Compass’ dedicated data centers use our patent-pending architecture that embraces the strengths of the four competing data center offerings and incorporates solutions for their weaknesses into its design. As a result, a Compass data center simplifies capacity planning and puts the control of the dedicated facility into your hands.

The architecture’s four (4) building blocks combine to enable you to locate your Uptime Institute Tier III certified, LEED Gold data center where you need it and enables you to grow your site in 1.2MW increments, on your schedule, to eliminate the need to pay for unused capacity. Everything is included; your own office space, loading dock, storage and staging areas, break room, and security area.

Best Suited For:

  • Security conscious users
  • Users who do not like to share any mission critical components
  • Geographically diverse locations
  • Applications with 1-3MW of load day one and growing over time
  • Primary and DR data centers
  • Service provider data centers
  • Heterogeneous rack and load group requirements
Weaknesses:
  • Initial IT load over 4MW
  • Non-mission critical datacenter applications
Traditional Data Center

Traditional offerings are building based solutions that use shared internal and external backplanes and plant (for example, chilled water plant and parallel generator plant). Traditional data centers are either built all at once, or, as more recent builds have been done, are expanded through adding new data halls within the building. The challenge with shared backplanes is the introduction of risk of the entire system shutdown due to cascading failures across the backplane (for an example of a large facility outage, see: Outages) For “phased” builds”, the key drawback to this new approach is the use of a shared backplane. In this scenario, future “phases” cannot be commissioned to Level 5/Integrated Systems Test (IST) since other parts of the datacenter are already live.

Best Suited For:

  • Single Users
  • Large IT loads, 5MW+ day one load
Weaknesses:
  • Large upfront capital requirement
  • Cascading failure potential on shared backplanes
  • Cannot be Level 5 commissioned
  • Geographically tethered
  • Shared common areas with multiple companies or divisions
  • Very large facilities that are not optimized for Moves/Adds/Changes
Monolithic Modular - Data Halls

As the name would imply, Monolithic Modular data centers are large building based solutions. Like Traditional facilities they are usually found in large buildings and provide 5MW+ of IT power day one with the average site featuring 5MW-20MW of capacity. Monolithic Modular facilities use segmentable backplanes to support their data halls so they do not expose customers to single points of failure, and each data hall can be independently Level 5 commissioned prior to customer occupancy. Often the only shared component of the mechanical and electrical plant is the medium voltage utility gear. Because these solutions are housed within large buildings, the customer may sacrifice a large degree of facility control and capacity planning flexibility if the site houses multiple customers. Additionally, security and common areas (offices, storage, staging and the loading dock) are shared with the other occupants within the building. The capacity planning limit is a particularly important consideration as customers must pre-lease (and pay for) shell space within the facility to ensure that it is available when they choose to expand.

Best Suited For:

  • Users with known, fixed IT capacity plans. For example, 4MW day one, growing to 7MW by year four, with fixed takedowns of 1MW per year.
  • Users requiring limited Move, Adds and Changes
  • Users that don’t mind sharing common areas
  • Users that don’t mind outsourcing security
Weaknesses:
  • Must pay for unused expansion space
  • Geographically tethered, large buildings often require large upfront investment
  • Outsourced security
  • Shared common areas with multiple companies or divisions (the environment is not dedicated to a single customer)
  • Very large facilities that are not optimized for Moves/Adds/Changes
Monolithic Modular (Pre-Fabricated)

These building-based solutions are similar to their data hall counterparts with the exception that they are populated with the provider’s pre-fabricated data halls. The pre-fabricated data hall necessitates having tight control over the applications of the user. Each application set should drive the limited rack space to its designed load limit to avoid stranding IT capacity. For example, low load level groups go in one type of pre-fabricated data hall and high density load groups go into another. These sites can use shared or segmented backplane architectures to eliminate single points of failure and to enable each unit to be Level 5 commissioned. Like other monolithic solutions, these repositories for containerized data halls require customers to pre-lease and pay for space in the building to ensure that it is available when needed to support their expanded requirements.

Best Suited For:

  • Sets of applications in homogeneous load groups
  • Applications that work in a few hundred of kW
  • Batch and super computing applications
  • Users with limited Move, Add and Change requirements
  • Users that don’t mind sharing common areas
Weaknesses:
  • Outsourced security
  • Expansion space must be pre-leased
  • Shared common areas with multiple companies or divisions (the environment is not dedicated to a single customer)
  • Since it still requires a large building upfront, may be geographically tethered
  • Very large facilities that are not optimized for Moves/Adds/Changes
Data Center Containers

Commonly referred to as “containers”, pre-fabricated data halls are standardized units contained in ISO shipping containers that can be delivered to a site to fill an immediate need. Although advertised as quick to deliver, customers are often required to provide the elements of the shared outside plant including generators, switch gear and sometimes, chilled water. These backplane elements, if not in place, can take upwards of 8 months to implement, often negating the benefit of speed of implementation. As long-term solutions, pre-fabricated containers may be hindered by their non-hardened designs that make them susceptible to environmental factors like wind, rust and water penetration and their space constraints that limit the amount of IT gear that can be installed inside them. Additionally, they do not include support space like a loading dock, a storage/staging area, or security stations thereby making the customer responsible for their provision.

Best Suited For:

  • Temporary data center requirements
  • Applications that work in a few hundred of kW load groups
  • Batch processing or supercomputing applications
  • Remote, harsh locations (such as military locales)
  • Limited Move/Add/Change requirements
  • Homogeneous rack requirements
Weaknesses:
  • Lack of security
  • Non-hardened design
  • Limited space
  • Cascading failure potential
  • Cannot be Level 5 commissioned when expanded
  • Cannot support heterogeneous rack requirements
  • No support space

 

Determine the Type of Data Center You Need

Not every type of wholesale modular data center offering is right for your requirements. To help you determine which type of data center, and their providers, would be right for you simply follow the flow chart below.

Select Options Below

Non-Mission Critical (less than Uptime Tier III)

Initial Capacity Requirement


Future Expansion Planned?



Future Expansion Planned?


Select Data Center Type



Select Data Center Type



Select Data Center Type



Select Data Center Type


    Pros

  • Easy to contract and generally cost effective
  • Remote Hands
  • Managed services

    Pros

  • Geographically independent
  • Operate in remote or limited space
  • Good for batch or supercomputing applications
  • Efficient with integrated IT hardware and MEP
  • Integrated BMS/DCiM
  • May be leased or owned
  • Good for applications working in kW load groups

    Pros

  • Geographically independent
  • Operate in remote or limited space
  • Good for batch or supercomputing applications
  • Efficient with integrated IT hardware and MEP
  • Integrated BMS/DCiM
  • May be leased or owned
  • Good for applications working in kW load groups
  • Fast expansion implementation
  • Low expansion CapEx

Pros

  • Optimized for single user/building
  • Immediate support for large loads
  • Custom designed to customer’s needs
  • Fully optimizes MEP into IT hardware
  • Optimized for moves/adds/changes

Cons

  • Less control than wholesale environments

Cons

  • Less control than wholesale environments
  • May be difficult to expand due to limited space and power
  • May not be cost effective over 200 kW versus wholesale

Cons

  • Potential to strand capacity
  • Lack of security
  • Non-hardened design
  • Limited spaces for different rack sizes and types of IT equipment

Cons

  • Potential to strand capacity
  • Lack of security
  • Non-hardened design
  • Limited spaces for different rack sizes and types of IT equipment
  • Cannot Level 5 commission in phases due to shared backplanes

Cons

  • Long design and construction timeframe
  • High risk of cost and schedule overruns
  • “Trial and error” risks of design
  • Limited ability to be reused by other users
  • Only available through ownership

Cons

  • Long design and construction timeframe
  • High risk of cost and schedule overruns
  • “Trial and error” risks of design
  • Limited ability to be reused by other users
  • Only available through ownership
  • High front end CapEx (building and backplane)
  • Cannot Level 5 commission in phases due to shared backplanes

Vendors

  • Equinix
  • Iron Mountain
  • Savvis

Vendors

  • AST
  • Cisco
  • Dell
  • HP
  • IBM
  • Rittal
  • SGI
  • Vull

Vendors

  • Design-Build Contractors
  • Digital Realty
  • QTS (marketed only)
  • Sabey (marketed only)
  • Sentinel (marketed only)
  • Server Farm Realty

Mission Critical (Uptime Institute Tier III)

Initial Capacity Requirement


Future Expansion Planned?

Future Expansion Planned?


Future Expansion Planned?

Select Data Center Type

Select Data Center Type

Select Data Center Type

Select Data Center Type

Select Data Center Type

Select Data Center Type


    Pros

  • Easy to contract and generally cost effective
  • Remote Hands
  • Managed services

Pros

  • Optimized for single user//building
  • Immediate support for large loads
  • Custom designed to customer’s needs
  • Geographic independence

Pros

  • Optimized for single user per building
  • Good for large-scale colo/managed services operations
  • May be leased or owned
  • Heterogeneous rack support (sizes and kW)

Pros

  • Good for initially large IT loads
  • Highly efficient approach with modular (limited wasted IT load)
  • Good for large-scale colo/managed services operations
  • Heterogeneous rack support (sizes and kW)

Pros

  • Good for initially large IT loads
  • Highly efficient approach with modular (limited wasted IT load)
  • Good for large-scale colo/managed services operations
  • Heterogeneous rack support (sizes and kW)
  • Dedicated infrastructure of each “phase” of growth
  • Low expansion CapEx
  • Option value by building more IT load as you go

Pros

  • Good for initially large IT loads
  • Good for applications that are in kW load groups
  • Highly efficient approach with modular (limited wasted IT load)
  • Integrated BMS and DCiM
  • May be leased or owned

Pros

    • Good for initially large IT loads
    • Good for applications that are in kW load groups
    • Highly efficient approach with modular (limited wasted IT load)
    • Integrated BMS and DCiM
    • May be leased or owned
    • Option value by building more IT load as you go
    • Low expansion CapEx
    • Fast implementation on expansions

    Pros

    • Geographically independent
    • Highly efficient modular approach (limited waste of IT load)
    • Optimized for single user per building
    • May be leased or owned
    • Heterogeneous rack support (sizes and kW)
    • Dedicated common areas (office, loading, storage, etc.)
    • Dedicated security
    • Integrated BMS and DCiM
    • Options for facility operations (user or provider)
    • Optimized for moves/adds/changes

    Pros

    • Geographically independent
    • Highly efficient modular approach (limited waste of IT load)
    • Optimized for single user per building
    • May be leased or owned
    • Heterogeneous rack support (sizes and kW)
    • Dedicated common areas (office, loading, storage, etc.)
    • Dedicated security
    • Integrated BMS and DCiM
    • Options for facility operations (user or provider)
    • Optimized for moves/adds/changes
    • Dedicated infrastructure for each “phase” of growth
    • No need to pre-lease expansion space
    • Option value by building more IT load as required
    • Good for uncertain growth plans

    Cons

    • Less control than wholesale environments

    Cons

    • Less control than wholesale environments
    • May be difficult to expand due to limited space and power
    • May not be cost effective over 200 kW versus wholesale

    Cons

    • Long design and construction timeframe
    • High risk of cost and schedule overruns
    • “Trial and error” risks of design
    • Limited ability to be reused by other users
    • May only be available through ownership or very long term lease

    Cons

    • Long design and construction timeframe
    • High risk of cost and schedule overruns
    • “Trial and error” risks of design
    • Limited ability to be reused by other users
    • May only be available through ownership or very long term lease
    • High front end CapEx (building and backplane)
    • Cannot Level 5 commission in phases due to shared backplanes

    Cons

    • Cascading failure potential (shared backplane)
    • Multi-User buildings have shared security
    • Multi-user buildings have shared common areas (office, loading, etc.)
    • Service providers may have cabinet/cage competition from landlord

    Cons

    • Cascading failure potential (shared backplane)
    • Multi-User buildings have shared security
    • Multi-user buildings have shared common areas (office, loading, etc.)
    • Service providers may have cabinet/cage competition from landlord
    • Difficult expansions due to lack of modularity
    • Must pre-lease expansion space

    Cons

    • Geographically tethered due to large upfront investment
    • Service providers have competition from landlord
    • Multi-user buildings have shared common areas (office, loading dock, etc.)
    • Multi-user buildings have shared access control security
    • Only available through lease

    Cons

    • Geographically tethered due to large upfront investment
    • Service providers have competition from landlord
    • Multi-user buildings have shared common areas (office, loading dock, etc.)
    • Multi-user buildings have shared access control security
    • Only available through lease
    • Large initial CapEx (building, power)
    • Expansion carries in-building construction risk
    • Must pre-lease expansion space

    Cons

    • Geographically tethered due to large upfront investment
    • No heterogeneous rack support (can strand capacity)
    • Cascading failure potential due to shared backplanes
    • Cannot Level 5 commission on phases with shared backplanes
    • Multi-user building have shared access control security
    • Multi-user buildings have shared common areas (office, loading dock, etc.)

    Cons

    • Geographically tethered due to large upfront investment
    • No heterogeneous rack support (can strand capacity)
    • Cascading failure potential due to shared backplanes
    • Cannot Level 5 commission on phases with shared backplanes
    • Multi-user building have shared access control security
    • Multi-user buildings have shared common areas (office, loading dock, etc.)
    • High front end CapEx (building and backplane)
    • Must pre-lease expansion space

    Cons

    • Lack of efficiency for initial requirements of 5MW and above

    Vendors

    • Equinix
    • Iron Mountain
    • Savvis

    Vendors

    • Design-Build Contractors
    • Digital Realty
    • QTS (marketed only)
    • Sabey (marketed only)
    • Sentinel (marketed only)
    • Server Farm Realty

    Vendors

    • CoreSite
    • Cyrus One
    • DuPont Fabros
    • Fortune
    • QTS
    • Raging Wire
    • Sabey
    • Sentinel
    • Server Farm Realty
    • Switch
    • T5
    • Vantage

    Vendors

    • Cyrus One
    • Digital Realty
    • Stream

    Vendors

    • IO

    Vendors

    • Compass Datacenters

    Internet Data Centers

    Have fun building it yourself. Your application sets are in the MW and we are jealous. Let us know if you need any help with the corporate IT.